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Title: Flat axe head
Item Name: Tools and Equipment


Early Bronze Age flanged axe head from the Aylesford/Willerby period. Found by metal detecting at Catton on 15/3/2009 and donated by the finder. Dark brown patina, with small simple flanges.

Year: 1900-1600BC(c)
Culture: Bronze Age
Materials: bronze
Measurements: L:9.6cm; W:4.4cm; T:1.5cm; Wt:154.3g
ID_Number: ERYMS : 2012.63

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The Yorkshire Wolds
The Yorkshire Wolds are the northernmost outcrop of a great band of chalk, stretching across the country from the Wessex Downs to the North Sea. They extend in a rough crescent shape, from the banks of the Humber to the cliffs at Flamborough Head. “Wolds” is a name that is given to several ranges of hills; the same term can be found in the Lincolnshire Wolds and the Cotswolds. The word is derived from the Old English word for forest, but by about the time of the Norman Conquest, it had come to refer to open, upland areas. The Wolds have been farmed since at least the early Neolithic (c.3700 BC). Throughout much of its history, the land was used principally for pasture, rather than for growing crops as it is today. In particular, the 16th century saw the mixed farming of the medieval Wolds give way to large scale sheep farming, as well as rabbit warrens. But advances in agriculture and enclosure acts in the 18th and 19th centuries created the arable landscape of fields and hedges which we know today. It was at around this time that the archaeological significance of the Yorkshire Wolds was first recognised. Pioneers such as John Robert Mortimer, a corn merchant from Driffield, and Edward Maude Cole, vicar of Wetwang, excavated a variety of prehistoric and early medieval sites, working mainly on barrows and burials. The free-draining soils are ideal for the formation of cropmarks over buried archaeological features, and in more recent times, aerial photography has significantly enhanced our knowledge of the stories in this landscape.